Gum is one of the oldest candies in the world. Prehistoric people chewed on lumps of tree resin and become the first-ever gum chewers in recorded history. The early Greeks chewed on mastic, a resin from a tree that will grows on the island of Chios, Greece. The Mayans chewed chicle made from the sap of the sapodilla tree. Early American colonists wrecked on tree sap mixed with bee’s wax.
People always liked to chew because it cleaned their the teeth and sweetened their breath.
In 1848 the first commercial gum had been produced. John B. Curtis through Maine developed the first gum from the resin from spruce tree. Their first gum was called “State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum. ” John B. Curtis great brother were using paraffin and they improved their gum by trying to put in some flavor. It was not really really tasty, but it was the first commercially sold gum. Curtis brothers set up the Curtis Chewing Gum Factory.
Within 1869 Amos Tyler patented the very first chewing gum made from rosin and essential olive oil.
In 1869 Antonio Lopez sobre Santa, a Mexican general and conqueror of the Alamo, came to developer Thomas Adams to develop a new form of rubber using chicle. Adams created the first modern-day chewing gum. His chewing gum was much smoother and softer than earlier spruce gum. This particular gum held its flavor much better, but problem with flavor continued. Adams patented a gum-making machine. Their chicle gum rolled into paintballs, and wrapped in colored cells paper. By 1888, an Adams’ chewing gum called Tutti-Frutti became the very first gum to be sold in a snack machine. The first vending machine has been located in a New York City’s subway station.
Until the late 1870s, chewing gum has little or no flavor. A druggist from Kentucky, John Colgan, additional sugar to chicle and produced chewing gum a sweeter treat. Nevertheless , the flavor did not last with regard to long.
Problem with holding flavor had not been fixed until 1880, when Bill White combined sugar and corn syrup with chicle. He additional peppermint extract and his first gum with peppermint was Yucatan chewing gum. Peppermint flavor become an instant strike, and even today it is still the most famous choice.
During the same period Doctor Edward E. Beeman adds pepsin powder to chicle and promotes it as a digestive aid.
Within the early 1880s, the brothers, Holly and Frank Fleer, began trying out chicle. Frank Fleer attempted to invent the first bubble gum naming it “Blibber Blubber Bubble Gum. ” This bubble gum was as well sticky and never sold well. You can make bubbles with Blibber Blubber Bubble, but chewing was not simply because enjoyable as it should be.
In 1899, a dentist Franklin Canning, created a dental gum which title was “Dentyne. ”
In 1891 William Wrigley Jr founded organization “Wrigley Chewing Gum”. His 1st two brands, Lotta and Vassar (later and Juicy Fruit) had been a big success. In 1893 Wrigley’s Spearmint was introduced. Later within the 1900’s William Wrigley, Jr. promoted Spearmint with advertising. Wrigley’s Spearmint became a best seller. In 1914 Wrigley Doublemint brand was introduced.
In 1928, an employee at the Fleer Corporation Walter Diemer accidentally established perfect formula for bubble bubble gum! His bubble gum was not sticky! Double Bubble was based on original Frank Fleer formula.
The Topps Company came up with the idea of adding baseball cards to the chewing gum in 1950. The first Sugar-free version of chewing gum was introduced in the late 1950’s.
Today most gums are made out of hammer toe syrup, natural latex or plastic material, flavorings and softeners. They come in numerous shapes and colors.