What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases

January 12, 2021 0 Comments

Contagious diseases that are spread from one partner to the other during sexual intercourse are called as sexually transmitted diseases, or by their very popular anagram, STDs. STDs can affect anybody within the sphere associated with sexual population; hence it can be said that all STDs are global issues. Some of the very common STDs that are impacting the world population today are syphilis, gonorrhea, genital herpes, Chlamydia illness, hepatitis A, hepatitis B plus AIDS.
STDs are mainly transmitted due to penetrative sexual intercourse, i.
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electronic. when the man inserts his penis into the vagina of the female. But most of the STDs can also pass on during other types of sexual activities like oral sex and anal sex. The organisms causing these diseases could be viruses, bacteria or fungi and they may generally live in most of the body fluids. The chances of sexually transmitted diseases are very high when a person has sex with many partners, or has sexual intercourse with a person who has many partners. Many STDs can be prevented by using a condom during any kind of sexual contact with an individual of unknown sexual history.

Since there are many STDs, there are also many signs and symptoms. Syphilis, which is also known as the French condition is diagnosable by the presence of button-sized warts called chancres near the genital area. These chancres could also develop on the anus and in the throat region. Gonorrhea is commonly referred to as clap or the drip disease. Having a gonorrheal infection, a person will have constant mucus-like discharge from the penis or even from the vulva. In people with genital herpes, there are blister-like ulcers developed around the genitals. With almost all STDs, there are urinary problems.

Prevention associated with STDs is mostly through abstinence. Out of all the sexually transmitted diseases in people, only two of them – hepatitis A and hepatitis B : are preventable by vaccination, but the others aren’t. The best way of avoiding them is then to restrict the number of sexual partners, and to have sex only with people whose sexual history is properly known about. Using a condom is also a good option, but if the condom is used in the wrong method, then it may lead to an infection. Also, condoms are not guaranteed protection. Condoms can simply prevent the penis from coming in touch with the skin of the other partner; however it cannot prevent the rest of the genital area from coming into contact. Syphilis sores which are present all around the genital region can be transmitted even after using a condom.

Once a person is sexually infected, it is very necessary that he/she stop all sexual activity. It is a moral obligation of any person to check the further spread of the STD. Also the individual must make it amply clear to his/her spouse that he/she is really a victim of the infection. All STDs except AIDS are treatable and the treatment is much more effective if it is began at an early stage.

Treatment of STDs adopts several different ways depending on that is the cause of infection. In conditions like genital herpes, where there is no remedy, the infection may last throughout the lifetime of the person. Alarmingly, this condition is found among about half a million in the US alone. Chlamydia is another issue that needs constant screening to prevent from becoming an epidemic. Doctors surreptitiously check out teens for such infections. Problems like hepatitis A and hepatitis B are thought to be self-resolving with small medication.

One bigger concern with the sexually transmitted diseases is the many complications they can cause. Most of the STDs can cause impotence in men and infertility in women. Men could suffer from erectile dysfunctions, while both men and women can suffer from pain during urination and/or several abnormalities in the flow or urine. Add to that, there could be severe itchiness, pain, tenderness and blisters for the affected area. This could indeed create life miserable for the person so long as the STD lasts.

Hepatitis A and hepatitis B can cause serious liver problems in the long run. There could be cirrhosis of the liver, or liver malignancy, both of which are fatal conditions. AIDS is the most dangerous of all lovemaking infections. It has no treatment yet, and the only option with this disease is death.

Sexually transmitted illnesses are found more commonly among the sexually teen population of the developed countries. This particular population is generally ignorant about the repercussions of unsafe sex, and therefore indulges in it till it is too late. Along with age comes experience, and hence STDs are found to a lesser extent within the older population. Tourists are responsible for holding STDs from one part of the globe towards the other, and so also people who go to commercial sex workers are very much accountable.

Only proper education can control the problem of STDs. Government authorities of various nations are taking serious measures in eradicating the problem. School syllabi include references of such diseases, plus condoms are being freely distributed by non-profit institutions to vulnerable populations.

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